Cannabis 101

The plant species Cannabis sativa L. has two main sub-species, Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa. Hybrids and cross-breeds of thesesub-species produce varieties, also referred to as strains, that carry some characteristics of each parent. Indica dominant strains are higher in Cannabidiol (CBD), Sativa dominant strains are higher in the THC cannabinoid. Hybrids will vary in their composition of THC, CBD and other cannabinoids, and are often referred to based upon the dominant cannabinoid ratio inherited from their lineage; indica, mostly indica, indica /sativa, mostly sativa, or pure sativa.

Strain Selection

The plant species Cannabis sativa L. has two main sub-species, Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa. Hybrids and cross-breeds of these sub-species produce varieties, also referred to as strains, that carry some characteristics of each parent.
Indica dominant strains are higher in Cannabidiol (CBD), Sativa dominant strains are higher in the THC cannabinoid. Hybrids will vary in their composition of THC, CBD and other cannabinoids, and are often referred to based upon the dominant cannabinoid ratio inherited from their lineage; indica, mostly indica, indica /sativa, mostly sativa, or pure sativa.

Cannabis Indica

Indicas originally come from the hash producing countries of the world like Afghanistan, Morocco, and Tibet. They are short dense plants, with broad leaves, compact flower clusters and often grow a darker green. After flowering starts they mature in 6 to 8 weeks. The buds will be thick and dense, with flavors and aromas ranging from pungent skunk to sweet and fruity.

The smoke from an Indica is generally a body type effect, relaxing and laid back. Indica’s higher CBD than THC equals a much heavier, sleepy type of high. Indica plants have a heavy, stony high that is relaxing and can help different medical problems.

The effects of Indica are predominantly physical, although emotional results can occur as well – relaxing, sedating and pain-reducing. Indicas are generally best suited for later in the day and before bed use.

Benefits

  • Reduces pain
  • Relaxes muscles
  • Relieves spasms
  • Reduces inflammation
  • Reduces nausea
  • Anti-convulsing
  • Reduces seizure frequency
  • Relives headaches and migraines
  • Aids in sleep
  • Reduces intra-ocular pressure
  • Reduces anxiety and stress
  • Stimulates appetite
  • Expectorant

Cannabis Ruderalis

Ruderalis is tentatively described as the third type of cannabis, as botanists are unsure whether it qualifies as a species in its own right.Ruderalis is an uncultivated strain native to Russia, central Europe and central Asia and is adapted to the harsher environments found in these locations. A typical Ruderalis plant is very short in height, often between 1 foot to 2.5 feet when fully grown. It produces only a few branches and has wide, fat-bladed leaves, similar to those of an Indica. Ruderalis can complete its life cycle – from being a seed to producing seeds – in just 10 weeks (though 12 to 14 weeks is more common).

Wild Ruderalis strains are nearly always low in THC and relatively high in CBD.

While pure Ruderalis strains have little value in terms of fibre or recreational use, their hardiness, auto-flowering capability and extremely fast maturation time are of great interest to cannabis breeders. Hybrids made from combining Indica and Ruderalis strains are currently proving to be some of the earliest-maturing outdoor plants available.

Ruderalis hybrids are also useful for medicinal applications in cases where the therapeutic benefits of CBD are preferred without theattendant psychoactive effects of high-THC strains.

Hybrids

Hybrids are the result of cross-pollination between various strains – combining different Indicas, different Sativas or a combination thereof creates hybrids. The resulting hybrid strains will grow, mature and smoke in relationship to the Indica/Sativa percentages they end upcontaining.

Indica dominant hybrids are good for pain relief, and the Sativa component helps with energy and activity levels.

Sativa dominant hybrids are good for simulating appetite, with Indica components helping to reduce body pain and increase relaxation.

Current Medical Research for uses of Cannabis

Below is a sampling of recent research on medical uses of Cannabis that provides an overview of therapeutic effects as related to variousailments.

  • Epilepsy
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Dystonia
  • Alzheimer’s Disease
  • Chronic Pain
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Hepatitis C
  • Gastrointestinal Disorders
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Post-Traumatic Stress
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Pruritus
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  • Gliomas/Cancer
  • Osteoporosis

Bay Street Cannabis in no way endorses the use of cannabis for the treatment of any health issues and makes no claims as to its suitability for such purpose. Qualified medical experts should be consulted regarding the use of cannabis.